Baptisia spp.


Common name(s) Wild indigo, cloverbloom, false indigo (when not Amorpha), horse fleaweed, horsefly, horsefly weed, prairie indigo, rattlebush, rattleweed, shoofly.

Toxin(s) Alkaloids including cytisine.

Toxic part(s) Whole plant.

Signs Rare. Nausea, possibly vomiting. The toxin theoretically could cause hypoventilation and respiratory arrest.

Treatment  If emesis has not occurred, gastric emptying is advised. Activated charcoal and cathartic are administered. if respiratory depression is significant, secure the airway and ventilate the patient. If constipation or urinary retention are noted, they may respond to administration of bethanechol.